An apprentice is a young jockey, usually a trainee flat jockey, who is learning how to race-ride. An apprentice is usually connected to the stable of a licensed trainer and has not run a specific number of winners within a specific time period. Generally, an apprentice jockey would have run for less than a year. Due to his/her little experience, an apprentice would have a weight allowance of five pounds or less when s/he rides against professional jockeys in order to give him/her an ‘equal’ chance of winning.
When a rider is inexperienced, the horse is given a weight allowance to compensate against other more experienced riders. The allowance weight is assigned as followed:
• 10 pounds until the fifth winner,
• 7 pounds until the 35th winner,
• 5 pounds for the fifth winner.